What Bike Gear To Use On Flat Road

What Bike Gear To Use On Flat Road – All you Need to know

Select gear that makes you comfortable while riding. If pedaling is difficult, shift to a lighter gear. For a slow pedaling rate, downshift.

Need more leg resistance or faster speed? Try using a range of gears, especially harder ones.

Experiment to find the right gear and ratio for you. For muscle building, use a gear much higher than the lower ones.

Why Your Bike Has Gears

Why Your Bike Has Gears

Whatever the terrain, your bike has gears to keep you moving steadily.  A cadence of 90 RPMs is comfortable and efficient for most people.

There is some variation in cadence among cyclists, and some find it more comfortable to have a slightly faster or slower cadence. The more difficult the terrain gets, the easier gear you’ll need to keep your legs spinning. While your speed will be slower, pedaling uphill will still be easier.

You shift to hard gear when you fly downhill so you can pedal when it’s easy. The result is faster speeds.  On the flats, however, it’s a whole different story. You want to maintain your cadence, but what gear should you use?  

What Kinds of Gears Do Bikes Have?

What Kinds of Gears Do Bikes Have?

A typical road bike offers a range of gears. If your bike is 8, 10, or 11-speed, that’s how you refer to it. But remember, it has more gears than just that number.

Your bike has 2 or 3 chainrings near the pedal. The shifters for these are on the left side of your handlebars, making significant gear changes. This is why we say eight-speed or 11-speed, referring to the cassette, which is a set of 8 to 11 cogs.

To maintain your preferred cadence, use the cassette at the back. Shift these gears using the right-hand side shifters on your handlebars.

The Tricky Part Comes Here.  

The front of the bike has two chainrings: the smaller one for easier pedaling and the larger one for more difficulty. Pedaling is harder with the front’s smaller cogs and easier with the back’s larger cogs.

For the easiest gear, use the smallest chainring in the front and the largest cog in the back. This setting moves the bike less per pedal stroke but allows for faster, easier pedaling.

On the other hand, using the largest chainring in the front and the smallest cog in the rear makes pedaling harder, but you’ll move the bike further with each stroke.

Examples of Bike Gears

The pedals will be harder to turn over if you ride a steep hill.  The smallest chainring should be used at the front and the largest cog at the back. It will be slower, but you can spin your pedals faster.  

When going downhill, you’ll put your bike in the large chainring in the front and the smaller cog in the back. As a result, it will be too easy to pedal, and you’ll end up coasting.

If renting a flat, you’re likely to pick something in the middle. In most cases, you’ll use the larger chainring in the front and the middle cog in the back. You can pedal easily while maintaining a comfortable cadence and good speed.

Specific Bike Gears

Chainrings are commonly referred to as cranksets. A 50/34 crankset is pretty common for a road bike. There are 50 teeth on the large chainring in the front and only 34 on the smaller one.

It is easier to pedal with the smaller chainring in the front. There are a variety of gears on the cassette. There may be 11 teeth in the smallest cog while 28 in the largest. The cassette will have 11 teeth and 28 teeth.

The crankset on my Canyon Ultimate is 50/34, and the cassette is 11/32. Count the number of teeth on your crankset and cassette if you don’t know them.

How Do Gear Ratios Work?

How Do Gear Ratios Work?
(credit: wiki how)

A bicycle’s back wheel spins each time the crank is turned. The gear ratio tells how many times the back wheel spins in response to pedal input.

You can calculate your gear ratio by dividing the number of teeth on the chainring you are using by the number of teeth on the rear cog you are using.

With the 34 tooth chainring, you would get a 1, for example, if you used the 34 tooth cog with the 34 tooth chainring. 0:1. You will turn your wheel once for every one turn of the crank.

The smaller the number, the easier it is to spin the pedals, but the wheel will rotate less often, and your bike will not travel as far. On the other hand, a higher number means turning the crank will be harder, but you will travel farther.

Low Gears, Middle Gears, High Gears

Gear comes in three types: low, middle, and high. 

It is recommended to use the middle gear when riding on flat roads. As it reduces the pressure on your feet, it is a popular choice among bikers. Many modern electric bikes are equipped with automatic gears that adapt to terrain and conditions without assistance from the rider.  

What gear should my mountain bike be on a flat road?

One of the most important things to remember when riding a mountain bike on flat ground is to use the right gear. When riding on a flat surface, you want to be using a gear that is geared low so you can easily make your way up and down the hill.

Additionally, you will want to ensure your bike is fitted with a front and rear derailleur to allow for quick switching between gears.

How do I know what gear to use on my mountain bike?

When riding on flat roads, you will want to use the same gear when riding up a hill. It means using a low gear and pedaling as fast as possible.

When riding on hills, you will want to use a higher gear and pedal more slowly. It will help you maintain your speed and prevent getting exhausted.

You will want to use a higher gear and pedal more slowly when riding on hills. It will give you more time to ascend the hill and less chance of getting tired.

Ideal Gear Ratio for Flat Roads

There are several factors to consider when choosing the right gear ratio, such as leg strength, personal preference, and terrain elevation.  With a low gear ratio, your legs will move very quickly, which can cause collisions if your daily terrain is mostly hilly.  

You’ll need to push your bike if the ratio is too high; otherwise, you’ll have trouble pedaling up a hill.

Flat surfaces and roads require a gear ratio of 2. Six to three. 0 (Source).

In the lower range of this range, you’ll be able to ride 30 km/h, while in the upper range, you’ll be able to ride 34 km/h.  

As a beginner, you may want to consider a gear ratio of 2 if you use a fixed gear or single speed. 7 2. 8 is an excellent ratio for you.  

Changing your gear ratio can be done after you have ridden your bike for some time. You’ll be able to determine if a low gear ratio or a high one is needed.  

Are Gear Ratios Same for Everyone?

Each biker has his preferred ratio of gears, as it is based on his preferences. Your choice of gear ratio is a matter of preference. Choosing the right ratio can be tricky for a beginner, so take advice from someone with more experience. Remember that your gear ratio and preference will change as your muscle mass and strength develop. 

Best Gear for a Hard Workout

You could use your large chainring and larger cogs if you don’t care about speed but want to make your muscles work harder. As a result, you’ll have to work harder to turn the pedals over. It is, however, not a good way to increase speed.

Is it OK to use a mountain bike on the road?

Mountain biking is a great way to exercise and see the countryside, but it’s not always the best choice for commuting on flat roads. While mountain bikes are built for rugged terrain and can handle some bumps and potholes, they aren’t generally built for riding on paved roads. That means you’re putting yourself and other drivers at risk when you take your bike onto a regular street.

If you do plan to use your mountain bike on the road, there are a few things you need to remember. First, make sure your bike is properly equipped for the task. For example, if you’re riding in an urban area, ensure your bike has front and rear lights so other drivers can see you. Additionally, ensure your bike is fitted with a helmet, taillight, and reflective gear so you can be safe on dark streets or trails.

And finally, be careful when riding your mountain bike on the road. Don’t ride too fast, and be aware of how other traffic moves around you. And finally, please don’t block traffic – let other motorists pass when necessary. If you follow these tips,

What is the middle gear on a mountain bike?

There is no one answer to this question since it depends on the rider’s weight, height, and Riding Style. You can use a lower gear (2nd or 3rd) if you’re riding at a slow pace or on flat ground so that the bike can move more easily.

Suppose you are riding at a more aggressive pace or in mountainous terrain. In that case, you may want to use a higher gear (1st or 4th) so that the bike can travel further and faster before requiring more effort from the rider.

Suppose you are unsure what gear to use. In that case, it is always best to consult your mountain biking guidebook or online resources for advice.


Biking on flat roads can be a blast. Still, there are a few things you need to consider to make the experience as comfortable as possible. Here are a few tips that will help you maximize your cycling enjoyment in flat areas:

  • Wear gear that can distribute your weight evenly. It means no heavy boots, helmets, or light clothing like fitted shirts and pants.
  • Make sure your bike is in good condition and adjusted properly. A properly tuned bike will provide more stability when cycling on flat ground, making the ride smoother and less tiring.
  • Stay hydrated – water helps keep you energized while cycling, which makes for an enjoyable experience on long rides or rides through scenic areas

Marcelline is a writer and covers several categories thanks to her multidisciplinary expertise.

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